Peppered Corydora Small

(1 customer review)


3-4 cm

Common Name: Peppered Corydora

Latin Name: Corydoras paleatus

Latin Name Translation: The Latin name “Corydoras paleatus” does not have a specific translation.

Synonyms: Corydoras affinis, Corydoras punctatus

Tank Bred: Peppered Corydora is available as both tank-bred strains and naturally occurring wild-caught specimens.

Distribution: The original wild fish of Peppered Corydora are native to South America, specifically found in the river basins of Brazil, Uruguay, and Argentina.

Max Size: Peppered Corydora grows to a maximum size of around 2.5 inches (6 cm) in length.

Lifespan: On average, Peppered Corydora has a lifespan of about 3 to 5 years in proper aquarium conditions.

Temperature Range: They prefer water temperatures between 72°F and 78°F (22°C and 26°C).

pH Range: Peppered Corydora thrives in slightly acidic to neutral water conditions, with a pH range of 6.5 to 7.5.

KH Range: They prefer water with moderate hardness, with a KH range of 2 to 10 degrees.

Care Level: Peppered Corydora is considered relatively easy to care for, making it suitable for beginner aquarists.

Lighting Preference: They don’t have any specific lighting preferences and can adapt well to a range of lighting conditions.

Suitable for Planted Tanks: Yes, Peppered Corydora is suitable for planted tanks. They do well in aquariums with live plants.

Preferred Food: Peppered Corydora is an omnivorous species. They will readily accept a variety of foods, including high-quality pellets, frozen or live foods, and occasional vegetable matter.

Behaviour: Peppered Corydora is a peaceful and social species that should be kept in groups of at least six individuals. They are bottom-dwellers and spend most of their time scavenging for food on the substrate.

Discoverer: Peppered Corydora was not specifically named after a discoverer. It has been known and described by several researchers and explorers who have studied South American fish species.

Interesting Facts:

  • The name “Peppered Corydora” refers to the species’ distinctive pepper-like markings scattered across their body.
  • They have a unique behavior called “pigeon-toeing” where their pectoral fins are turned slightly inward, giving them a pigeon-toed appearance.
  • Peppered Corydora is known for its ability to clean up leftover food and debris from the aquarium substrate, contributing to a cleaner and healthier tank environment.

Please note that Peppered Corydora is a relatively hardy and popular species in the aquarium hobby, known for its charming appearance and peaceful nature.

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The Peppered Corydora – Corydoras paleatus is a captivating fish that exhibits a stunning blend of elegance and charm. Its appearance is characterized by a streamlined body with a shimmering silver coloration, accentuated by numerous dark, pepper-like speckles scattered across its body. These speckles create a mesmerizing pattern that is unique to each individual fish. The Peppered Corydoras’s fins are graceful and delicate, adding to its overall beauty. The dorsal and pectoral fins have a translucent quality, enhancing the fish’s ethereal appeal.

The intricate markings and graceful fins of the Peppered Corydora make it a truly mesmerizing sight to behold. Its silver body adorned with dark speckles creates a stunning contrast that captures the attention of anyone fortunate enough to witness it in person. This fish possesses an understated beauty that exudes elegance and sophistication. Its unique patterns and graceful movements evoke a sense of tranquillity and harmony in any aquarium setting.

The Peppered Corydoras’s captivating appearance is a testament to the wonders of nature. Its delicate features and exquisite markings are a true work of art, showcasing the diversity and beauty found in the aquatic world. Seeing these magnificent creatures in real life is an experience that can evoke a sense of wonder and appreciation for the incredible diversity of life on our planet. The Peppered Corydora is a living masterpiece, a testament to the intricate and awe-inspiring creations that nature has to offer.

A trip through the Peppered Corydoras’s  Natural Habitat

In the depths of South American waters, a captivating world unfolds, unveiling the natural habitat of the beloved Peppered Corydora. From the fish’s perspective, let us embark on a vivid journey and explore the depths where these enchanting creatures’ dwell.

As we descend into the riverbed, a tapestry of submerged vegetation comes into view, swaying gently with the current. Sunlight dances through the water, casting mesmerizing patterns on the sandy substrate below. Shadows and light intertwine, creating a dramatic backdrop for the Peppered Corydoras’s daily life.

The underwater landscape is adorned with clusters of aquatic plants, their delicate leaves swaying gracefully in the water’s rhythm. Tall strands of Vallisneria create a forest-like ambiance, while Cryptocoryne plants provide cosy hiding spots for the Corydoras. The fish gracefully navigate through this aquatic jungle, weaving between the plants with effortless agility.

As we venture further, we encounter scattered patches of fallen leaves, remnants of the surrounding terrestrial vegetation. These decaying leaves provide a natural layer of humus, enriching the water with organic matter and creating a subdued, mysterious atmosphere. It is within these leaf litter that the Peppered Corydora finds nourishment and seeks refuge.

Suddenly, a gentle current sweeps us along, carrying us deeper into the heart of the underwater realm. We enter a realm of sandy patches, interspersed with small rocks and pebbles. The substrate glistens in the sunlight, its fine texture providing a perfect canvas for the Corydoras’s delicate barbels to explore.

Here, amidst the tranquillity, we witness the Peppered Corydoras in their natural behaviour. They form small groups, moving together in synchrony, their graceful movements reminiscent of a well-choreographed ballet. With their eyes alert and barbels extended, they gracefully scavenge the substrate, searching for small insects, worms, and other delectable morsels hidden within.

Transitioning between different microhabitats, the Peppered Corydoras venture into shallow areas with sparse vegetation. Here, rays of sunlight penetrate the water’s surface, casting an ethereal glow on their slender bodies. Amidst the dappled light, the vivid contrast between their peppered markings and pale underbellies creates a spectacle of natural beauty.

As our journey nears its end, we emerge from the depths, carrying with us a profound appreciation for the natural habitat of the Peppered Corydora. The tranquil rivers and streams of South America provide the backdrop for their captivating existence, a world filled with intricacy, beauty, and a delicate balance of life.

And so, the story of the Peppered Corydora continues, an underwater saga that captures the imagination and leaves us yearning to preserve the awe-inspiring natural habitat that these remarkable creatures call home.

Keeping Peppered Corys Healthy

Peppered Corydora – Corydoras paleatus is a relatively easy species to care for, making it suitable for aquarists of all experience levels. They are hardy and adaptable, able to thrive in a wide range of water conditions. However, they do appreciate a well-maintained tank with clean water and suitable hiding places. Regular water changes and proper filtration are important for their well-being.

Special Requirements and Feeding

Peppered Corydora are omnivorous in diet and will eagerly accept dried, frozen, and live foods. A good quality protein-based tablet or granule is ideal as a staple diet, supplemented with frozen food enriched with garlic and vitamins. This will ensure good health and vibrant colours. Live food, especially tubifex and bloodworm always goes down well too!

How Many Should I Keep?

Peppered Corydora is a social species that thrives when kept in groups. It is recommended to keep them in schools of at least six individuals. Being in a group provides them with a sense of security and encourages natural behaviour, such as shoaling and exploring the tank together.

Lighting Preference

Peppered Corydora does not have specific lighting preferences. They can adapt well to a range of lighting conditions, including moderate to low-intensity lighting commonly found in most aquarium setups.

Suitable Tank Mates for Corydoras paleatus

Peppered Corydora is a peaceful community fish and can be kept with a variety of tank mates. They coexist well with other peaceful fish species, such as tetras, gourami’s, rasboras, and peaceful dwarf cichlids. Avoid keeping them with aggressive or fin-nipping species.

Breeding Peppered Corydora

Breeding Peppered Corydoras can be a rewarding experience for fish keepers. These fish are known to engage in a fascinating reproductive process that involves specific behaviours and environmental conditions. Here is a detailed account of breeding Peppered Corydoras:

  1. Breeding Pair Formation: To initiate breeding, it is essential to have a group of Peppered Corydoras consisting of both males and females. The fish will naturally form pairs through courtship rituals and interactions.
  2. Spawning Preparation: Creating the right environment is crucial for successful breeding. Provide a separate breeding tank with suitable conditions, including clean, aged water and soft substrate like sand or fine gravel. Ensure the water parameters are stable, with a temperature range of 75-80°F (24-27°C) and a slightly acidic to neutral pH around 6.5-7.5.
  3. Triggering Breeding Behaviour: To stimulate breeding behaviour, initiate a temperature drop of a few degrees or simulate a rainy season by performing a partial water change with slightly cooler water. Increasing the water flow or using gentle air bubbling can also help mimic natural breeding conditions.
  4. Courtship and Egg Laying: During courtship, the male Peppered Corydora will chase the female and perform a “T-position” display, where the female assumes an upright position and the male wraps himself around her. This dance may last for several minutes before the female deposits her eggs, which are adhesive and stick to various surfaces like plants, tank walls, or spawning mops.
  5. Egg Incubation: Once the eggs are laid, it is advisable to remove the adult fish from the breeding tank to prevent them from eating the eggs. The eggs will hatch within 4-7 days, depending on the temperature and water conditions. Maintain optimal water quality during this period to ensure the survival of the developing embryos.
  6. Rearing Fry: After hatching, the tiny fry will attach themselves to surfaces or remain hidden in the substrate for a few days until they become free-swimming. Offer them infusoria or commercially available fry food designed for small fish. As they grow, gradually introduce finely crushed flakes or baby brine shrimp to their diet.
  7. Growth and Development: As the fry grow, it is crucial to maintain excellent water quality and provide adequate hiding places, such as plants or fine-leaved décor, to ensure their safety. Regular water changes and monitoring of water parameters are essential for their healthy growth.

Breeding Peppered Corydoras can be a delicate process, requiring attention to detail and proper care. Patience and observation are key to understanding their breeding behaviours and providing the ideal conditions for successful reproduction. With the right environment and attentive care, you can witness the fascinating journey from courtship to the emergence of a new generation of Peppered Corydoras in your aquarium.

Sexual Dimorphism

Sexing Peppered Corydora can be challenging, but females tend to have a rounder and broader body shape compared to males. Males often possess more slender bodies and may develop more pronounced bristle-like extensions called odontodes on their pectoral fins.


In proper aquarium conditions, Peppered Corydora can live for approximately 3 to 5 years. Providing a suitable environment and meeting their dietary needs contribute to their longevity.

Corydoras paleatus Distribution

Peppered Corydora is a naturally occurring species found in the river basins of South America, particularly in Brazil, Uruguay, and Argentina. They are not a captive-bred or line-bred strain but are collected from their wild habitats for the aquarium trade.


Peppered Corydora, scientifically known as Corydoras paleatus, is a beloved and popular bottom-dwelling fish in the aquarium hobby. With their charming appearance and peaceful nature, they make a wonderful addition to community tanks. They have a maximum size of around 2.5 inches and thrive when kept in groups of at least six individuals. Peppered Corydora is relatively easy to care for, adapting well to various water conditions. They require a balanced diet consisting of high-quality pellets, flakes, and occasional live or frozen foods. With proper care and suitable tank mates, these delightful catfish can bring joy to any aquarium setup.

Interesting Facts

  • Peppered Corydora – Corydoras paleatus is known for its habit of searching for food by sifting through the substrate with its barbels.
  • They have a unique defence mechanism called “Corydoras shuffle,” where they rapidly move their pectoral fins while resting on the substrate, stirring up the bottom and creating a protective cloud of sediment.
  • Peppered Corydora is an excellent choice for planted tanks as they do not disturb delicate plants or uproot them.
  • They are named “Peppered” due to the scattered black markings resembling specks of pepper on their body.

With their delightful personalities and intriguing behaviour, Peppered Corydora – Corydoras paleatus can captivate aquarists and add a touch of charm to any aquarium.


Here at the Abyss Aquatic Warehouse, we believe in only providing the best for our customers. All of our fish are fed a varied diet of dried and frozen foods. Also, we ensure they are in perfect condition before they are shipped out.

To view our other corydoras please click here.

1 review for Peppered Corydora Small

  1. Ashleigh Bevan (verified owner)

    Settled well very active

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Dry Goods Delivery.

The store has provided information regarding their order dispatch and estimated delivery times. Here are the key details:

  1. Dispatch Timeframe: Orders placed before 2pm will be dispatched on the same day. Orders placed after 2pm will be dispatched on the next working day.
  2. Delivery Date and Time Guarantee: While the store aims to dispatch orders promptly, they cannot guarantee a specific delivery date and time. As the delivery process relies on couriers, there may be factors beyond their control that could affect the delivery timeframe.
  3. 1st Class Mail: For orders sent via 1st Class mail, the aim is to have them delivered on the next working day after dispatch.
  4. 2nd Class Mail: Orders sent via 2nd Class mail typically take approximately 2-3 working days for delivery after dispatch.
  5. APC Next Day Delivery: APC Next Day delivery is available for UK mainland postcodes. It is usually delivered on the next working day after dispatch. However, please note that items being delivered to more remote areas may require additional time for delivery.

It’s important to keep in mind that while the store strives to provide efficient delivery services, unforeseen circumstances or external factors could potentially impact delivery times. For further details or specific inquiries about delivery, customers should refer to the store’s terms and conditions or contact the store directly.

Livestock Delivery.

The store maintains specific policies regarding the delivery of livestock. Here are the key points:

  1. Licensed Livestock Courier: The store exclusively uses a licensed livestock courier for shipping fish and coral. This approach is chosen to ensure responsible and ethical transportation of the livestock.
  2. Livestock Shipping Fee: The livestock shipping fee charged to customers of £19.99 does not cover the true cost, and therefore, there is a minimum spend requirement of £30.00 before the option for livestock shipping becomes available.
  3. Pre-Arranged Delivery: The store never ships livestock without first arranging a suitable delivery day. Before dispatching the livestock, the store must confirm the agreed-upon delivery day with the customer.
  4. Saturday Delivery Confirmation: Customers who choose Saturday delivery must have their availability confirmed for the upcoming Saturday before the store sends out the livestock. This confirmation ensures that the livestock can be received promptly.
  5. Failure to wait for livestock: Not waiting for livestock, even if there is a reasonable delay, or cancelling an order after it has been dispatched will lead to you incurring charges for an emergency return to the base. Additionally, any losses of livestock will also be charged to you. Please be aware that the items you are ordering are living creatures – livestock. We kindly ask that you refrain from ordering livestock if you are unable to accommodate the possibility of a delayed delivery.

    These terms and conditions are a fundamental aspect of our policy. Our primary goal is to dissuade individuals who could react negatively to a delayed delivery and subsequently request order cancellations. It is of utmost importance to underscore that your order pertains to living creatures, not mere inanimate objects. In the event of an occasional delay, it is crucial that you respond in a rational and responsible manner, taking into account the welfare of the livestock. We kindly request that you refrain from placing an order for livestock if you tend to react strongly to such situations. By proceeding with the order of livestock, you indicate your acceptance and agreement to abide by these specified terms and conditions.

  6. Signature Requirement: Livestock deliveries require a signature upon receipt and cannot be left in a safe location. This precaution ensures proper handling and the well-being of the livestock.
  7. Geographic Restrictions: The courier has strict geographic restrictions for livestock deliveries. Unfortunately, deliveries to Northern Ireland, Republic of Ireland, Isle of Man, Isles of Scilly, Channel Islands, and certain Scottish offshore postcodes may not be possible. Customers are encouraged to contact the store via email to confirm if livestock delivery is available in their area.
  8. Minimum Order Value and Order Cancellations: The store has a minimum order value of £30 for livestock shipping. Additionally, the store reserves the right to cancel orders that are deemed high-risk or involve a high number of single tropical freshwater fish species.

It is essential for customers to familiarize themselves with these policies before making a purchase. For more detailed information or specific inquiries, customers should consult the store’s terms and conditions or reach out to the store directly for clarification.

Livestock Geographical Exemptions.

The store has specific geographical exemptions for livestock deliveries. Here is a list of the areas and postcodes where livestock delivery is not available:

  1. Islands: Livestock cannot be delivered to the Shetlands, Channel Islands, and Isle of Man.
  2. Postcodes: Livestock delivery is not available to the following postcodes:
  • AB30 to AB39, AB41 to AB45, AB51 to AB56
  • DD8 to DD10
  • BT all
  • DG3 to DG9, DG12 to DG14
  • KA18 to KA19, KA26, KA29 to KA30
  • HS all
  • IM all
  • JE all
  • ZE all
  • KW15 to KW17
  • TD9
  • FK17 to FK21
  • GY all
  • KA26, to KA28
  • PA20 to PA38, PA41 to PA49, PA60 to PA61, PA76 to PA78
  • TR21, to TR25
  • PH3 to PH26, PH30 to PH44
  • IV all

Customers residing in these areas should be aware that livestock delivery is not available to their location.

We can ship livestock to the Isle of Wight, this area is subject to a surcharge.

For further information or specific inquiries about livestock delivery to a particular area, customers are advised to contact the store directly for clarification.


According to the store’s policy, customers have the right to cancel an order within 14 working days of receiving the goods. To initiate the cancellation, the goods must be returned to the store in new and unused condition, adhering to their Returns Policy.

Important points regarding the return process are as follows:

  1. Return Condition: The goods must be returned in new and unused condition, as originally received. It is important to ensure that the goods are in the same condition as when they were sent out.
  2. Return Timeframe: The goods must be received by the store within 21 days of notifying them about the cancellation. During this time, customers are responsible for any loss or damage that may occur during the return shipping process.
  3. Refund Process: Once the store receives the goods in new and unused condition, they will initiate the refund process. The purchase price will be refunded to the customer.
  4. Return Condition Inspection: If the returned goods arrive in a condition that is less than what they were sent out in, the store reserves the right to return the goods to the customer, and no refund will be processed.

It is essential for customers to carefully review the store’s Returns Policy and follow the specified procedures to ensure a smooth and successful return and refund process. For more detailed information or specific inquiries, customers should consult the store’s terms and conditions or contact the store directly.


According to the store’s return policy, the following guidelines should be followed for returning goods:

  1. Use Returns Form: Customers need to use the store’s provided returns form to initiate the return process. This form helps the store acknowledge that the goods are being sent back.
  2. Return for Testing: If the goods are being returned for testing, the customer is responsible for covering the return shipping expenses.
  3. Refund of Postage Fees: The store will only refund postage fees if the order arrives damaged or becomes faulty within the first 4 weeks of purchase. Proof of posting is important, and customers should ensure the goods are well-packed and obtain proof of posting as the goods remain their responsibility until received by the store.
  4. Refund of Postage Costs for Replacement: If goods are being returned within 7 days of purchase under the Replacement Policy, the store can refund postage costs. However, the customer needs to agree on a delivery service with the store in advance, and only standard or tracked shipping fees will be refunded. The store cannot refund the cost of any special delivery service.
  5. Non-Refundable Postage: Postage costs for goods returned for any other reason than those mentioned above are non-refundable. The store reserves the right to deduct the original postage cost from any applicable refund.
  6. Mistaken Purchases: If a customer has made a mistake in their purchase, they need to return the goods to the store. The customer is responsible for the return shipping costs in such cases.

It is important for customers to carefully follow the store’s return procedures and terms and conditions. For further details or specific inquiries, customers should refer to the store’s website or contact the store directly.


If customers receive faulty goods, the following guidelines apply according to the store’s policy:

  1. Notification of Faulty Goods: Customers must notify the store within 7 working days if they receive faulty goods. This notification should be made as soon as possible.
  2. Replacement Parts: If possible, the store will dispatch replacement parts for the faulty goods.
  3. Return of Goods: If replacement parts are not possible, the store may request customers to return the faulty goods in accordance with their Returns Policy. The specific return procedures and conditions should be followed.
  4. Verification of Damage: Once the store receives the returned goods, they will verify the damage. If the damage is confirmed, the store will supply the required replacements.
  5. Return Postage Costs: If the goods returned to the store are found to be in good working order, the store is not able to refund the return postage costs. Additionally, the store reserves the right to deduct their original postage cost from any applicable refund.
  6. Consequential Loss or Damage: The store cannot take responsibility for any consequential loss or damage that arises directly or indirectly from the goods supplied.

Customers should carefully review and adhere to the store’s Returns Policy and procedures for returning faulty goods. For further clarification or specific inquiries, customers should consult the store’s terms and conditions or contact the store directly.

Manufacturer’s Guarantees

The store works in collaboration with manufacturers to ensure that their guarantees are honored, and they make their best efforts to resolve issues within the warranty period. The following guidelines apply to refunds and replacements:

  1. Postage Costs under Manufacturer’s Guarantee: Postage costs can only be refunded if the goods are returned to the store within 7 days of the original purchase, as per the manufacturer’s guarantee.
  2. Refund of Postage Costs for Faulty Goods: The store will refund postage costs for guarantee/warranty returns only if the product becomes faulty within the first 4 weeks of receipt.
  3. Replacements with Manufacturer Authorization: Replacements, whether parts or goods, can only be offered when authorized by the manufacturer. Customers should contact the store for further guidance in such cases.
  4. Prior Approval for Returns: Goods should not be returned to the store without prior approval. Customers need to contact the store and obtain approval before returning any items.
  5. Replacement of Glass or Ceramic Items: Glass or ceramic items can only be replaced if the store is notified within 48 hours of receiving the delivery.
  6. Replacement of Glass Bulbs/Tubes: Glass bulbs or tubes can only be replaced if they become faulty within 14 days.

Customers should note and adhere to these guidelines to ensure a smooth and efficient resolution of any issues with their purchased items. For specific inquiries or further information, customers are advised to refer to the store’s terms and conditions or contact the store directly.


According to the store’s policy, customers have the following responsibilities regarding breakages:

  1. Checking Goods on Arrival: It is the customer’s responsibility to thoroughly check the goods upon arrival for any damage. This should be done before signing for the parcel. If the parcel appears damaged, it is advised not to sign for it.
  2. Reporting Breakages: Any breakages or damages must be reported to the store within 48 hours of receiving the goods. It is important to promptly notify the store to initiate the resolution process.

By carefully inspecting the goods upon arrival and reporting any breakages within the specified timeframe, customers can ensure that appropriate actions are taken to address the issue. For specific instructions on reporting breakages or further information, customers should refer to the store’s terms and conditions or contact the store directly.